Donald Allan Dunstan
Childhood and education
Donald Allan Dunstan was born on 21 September 1926 in Fiji, of South Australian parents. His father was the Fiji manager for Adelaide Steamship Co. An asthmatic child, he was sent for health reasons to Murray Bridge, South Australia to live with relatives. He returned to Fiji briefly for some of his secondary schooling, where he made friends among the local Indian and Fijian children and dismayed white colonials by refusing to share their racial prejudices. He returned to Adelaide to complete his secondary schooling at St Peter's College as a day boy, living with relatives in Glenelg.
He went on to study Law and Classics at Adelaide University, working in theatre and radio to finance his studies. In his undergraduate years, he became involved with the ALP and trade union activities.
Early career and first marriage
On graduation in 1948, he practised law in Fiji for a short time before returning to Adelaide early in 1951 and became involved in Labor politics while developing a legal practice. He married his first wife, Gretel, in 1949, and they had three children, Bronwen, Andrew and Paul.
After being elected to State Parliament in 1953 as member for Norwood (at the time considered a safe Liberal seat), Dunstan set about establishing himself as a reformer intent on winning government. In 1965, when Labor finally came to power under Premier Frank Walsh, he was appointed Attorney-General, Minister for Social Welfare and Minister for Aboriginal Affairs.
When Walsh stepped down in 1967 he was elected leader and became Premier for a short time, until Labor lost government the next year to the Liberal Country League under Steele Hall, despite gaining 53% of the vote. Hall introduced legislation to change the electoral boundaries, and in the 1970 elections Labor was returned to power and the Dunstan decade began in earnest. He remained Premier and Treasurer, as well as taking on several other portfolios until 1979, when he was forced to resign due to ill health.
In 1974, he and his first wife divorced after a two-year separation. In 1976, Dunstan married Adele Koh, a journalist, who had joined his staff as research assistant in 1973 having been expelled from Singapore during a press crackdown. Their marriage was a short one, however, as she died from cancer in 1978.
As Attorney General and Premier, Dunstan achieved an unprecedented series of social, cultural and political reforms. He was a strong believer in individual rights, and introduced anti-discrimination legislation to protect the rights of women, homosexuals and aborigines. He was the originator in government of aboriginal land rights, and his voice within the ALP helped end the federal White Australia policy. He set up an environmental portfolio in the government, and was responsible for the development of conservation and environmental programmes in the State. He also introduced consumer protection legislation, and relaxed censorship and supported the rights of young people to express their views.
He was a driving force behind the establishment of the Festival Centre, and helped expand the Adelaide Festival of Arts. He set up the SA Film Corporation and the Jam Factory, an outlet for local craft workers.
As Attorney General, he extended drinking hours from six o'clock closing which was then in force. He changed licensing laws to allow outdoor eating and drinking, and to allow cellar door sales at wineries. In 1976 he opened Rundle Mall, turning a congested city street into the pedestrian precinct we know today. His unconventional attitude to dress led the way for a relaxation of the State's rigid suit and tie dress code in business and government.
In 1982 he was appointed head of the Victorian Tourism Commission, but returned to Adelaide in 1986 after falling out with the Cain government. He then opened a restaurant, Don's Table, in Norwood, in partnership with his friend Stephen Cheng. The restaurant ran into severe financial problems a few months before Dunstan's death in 1999, and has now closed.
Dunstan died at his Norwood home on 6th February 1999, having succumbed to the cancer which had been threatening for several years.
Biographical information taken from Adelaide Review, March 1999 and The Advertiser, 8-12 February 1999 and information in the Dunstan Collection.
Special Collections Librarian
Flinders University Library.